As is already the case in high‐income countries (HICs), in a growing number of middle income countries (MICs), cancer represents the leading cause of non‐ accidental death among children and adolescents. While childhood mortality due to infectious diseases has been significantly reduced worldwide, deaths   due to childhood cancer are increasing. A large and growing proportion of childhood mortality in both developed and low middle income countries    is due to non‐ communicable diseases (NCD) , especially childhood cancer . Most public health experts believe that this rate of increase is cause for concern.